Spain: Marriage Certificate / Marriage Certification

Marriage Certificate/Certification

  • What is it?
  • Who can request it?/present
  • Delivery periods
  • How to request it/present

What is it?

The Marriage Certificate is a document issued by the Civil Register manager, which certifies the act of marriage and the date, time and place it takes place (art. 69 LRC)

Digital marriage certificates can also be issued with a digital stamp from the Department of Registers and Notaries based on the data found in the central database of people registered in the Civil Registers.

There are several types:

A) Positive Certificate:

  • Extract: This is a summary of the information registered in the Civil Register regarding the celebration of the marriage and the identity of the individuals who were married. There are different versions:
    • Ordinary: It is issued in Spanish in the autonomous communities in which the only official language is Spanish.
      International or multilingual: This version is valid in the countries that have ratified the Vienna Convention of 8 September 1976. This certificate is issued in the official language of each of the signatory countries of that convention (Spain, Germany, Austria, Belgium, France, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, Turkey, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia, Serbia, Poland, Montenegro, Moldova, Lithuania, Estonia, Romania and Bulgaria).
    • Bilingual: Whenever an extract certificate is requested in an autonomous community that has its own official language, the certificate will be issued in Spanish and in the official language of the autonomous community in which it is issued.
  • Literal: This is a literal copy of the marriage registration, containing all of the data related to the wedding, the identity of the individuals who were married and any notes added to the margins (prenuptial agreement, separation, annulment or divorce, etc.).

B) Negative Certificate: These certify that the marriage has not been registered at that Civil Register.

C) Certification with a digital stamp from the Department of Registers and Notaries: This serves as proof of the data contained in the computerised and digitised register entries made since 1950 in the Municipal Civil Registers or in the Central Civil Register. Certificates can not be issued via this procedure for entries made before 1950 or which were made in a delegated Civil Register (Justice of the Peace) or in a Consular Civil Register.

Who can request it?/present

1.- It may be requested by any citizen who requires it or has interest in it, except where the law prohibits publication without special authorisation of information regarding:

  • Adoption, extramarital or unknown relationships or details that unveil such circumstances; the date of marriage indicated on the page of birth, if the former were later than the latter or it occurred within the 180 days prior to the birth; the change of a Foundling surname or other similar or inconvenient ones.
  • Sex change.
  • Causes for annulment, separation or divorce, or the loss or suspension of parental authority.
  • Filed documents related to the details in the items above or to dishonourable circumstances or those of a reserved nature included in the file.
  • Abortion files.

Authorisation in these cases is granted by the Judge responsible, and only to those who certify legitimate interest and a well-founded reason for requesting it. The certificate indicates the name of the individual making the request, the reasons for issuing it and the express authorisation of the Registrar or Acting Registrar, who will personally issue the certificate from the Register directly under his or her control.

In the case of wanting to apply for marriage licenses and obtain at that time may do so if you have a digital certificate to uniquely identify, Marriage Certificate (personal)

2.- Certificates with a digital stamp from the Department of Registers and Notaries can only be requested by owners of the data identified using an electronic National Identification Card or another form of advanced electronic signature accepted by the Public Administrations. This register data refers to the digitised or computerised marriage records entered since 1950.

Under no circumstances can register data relating to other people be obtained via this procedure

Delivery periods

How long you have to wait to receive the certificate depends on how you have chosen to receive it. If you have chosen to receive the certificate by post, the period between the request and reception of the certificate is approximately 15 days.

When applicants choose to retrieve the certifications in person, the Civil Registry Office will notify the date from which they may do so.

This period will be interrupted when the Civil Register requires additional or clarified information on the application, until they have been provided by the requester, and likewise, when technical difficulties make it impossible to receive the requests properly.

In the case of certificate requests with a digital stamp from the Department of Registers and Notaries, the digital marriage certificate will be issued immediately.

How to request it/present

  • In person –In person at the Civil Register.

    Documents to be submitted:

    • National Identification Card (D.N.I.) of the requesting person and
    • Indicate the name and surnames of the individuals who were married, and the date and location of the wedding.

    Then you must indicate which type of certificate you want:

    • Literal
    • Extract
      • Ordinary or bilingual.
      • International or multilingual.
    • Negative

    Ways of receiving the certificate

    Collection at the corresponding Civil Register window

  • By post –If you wish to request and receive, when appropriate, the marriage certificate by ordinary post, you may send a letter to the Civil Register, clearly indicating the name and postal address to which the certificate is to be sent, including the following data in the request:
    • Name, surnames and National Identification Card of the applicant.
    • Names and surnames of the individuals who were married and the date and location of the wedding for which the certificate is requested.

    Next, indicate the type of certificate you would like to receive:

    • Literal
    • Extract
      • Ordinary or bilingual.
      • International or multilingual.
    • Negative

    You should provide a contact telephone number in case there is any information that needs to be clarified.

  • Online –Civil Register certificate requests may be made online for registrations held at the computerised Civil Registersindicated in the drop-down list, to which the Civil Registers that are successively incorporated in this computerisation process will be added shortly.

    This type of certificate can be ordered with or without a digital certificate

    Without digital certificate: The certificate that has been requested in this way will be preferentially delivered by ordinary mail to the home address specified in the application. Nonetheless, the interested party may collect it in person, as long as this has been expressly specified in the application.

Link to the online access site:

https://sede.mjusticia.gob.es/cs/Satellite/Sede/en/tramites/certificado-matrimonio?_ga=2.4870768.235751792.1566476714-151783318.1566476714

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